Fundamentals of Public Safety Networks and Critical Communications Systems - Technologies, Deployment, and Management

Fundamentals of Public Safety Networks and Critical Communications Systems - Technologies, Deployment, and Management

John Wiley and Sons Ltd

03/2019

320

Dura

Inglês

9781119369479

15 a 20 dias

494

Descrição não disponível.
Foreword by Alan Kaplan xv Foreword by Hussein Mouftah xvii Preface xix Acknowledgments xxiii List of Abbreviations xxv About the Author xxxv 1 OVERVIEW 1 1.1 Background 1 1.2 Technologies Used in Critical Communications 4 1.2.1 Narrowband Land and Private Mobile Radio Systems 4 1.2.2 Broadband Technologies for Critical Communications 6 1.2.3 Interoperability 9 1.3 Applications, Systems, and End-User Devices 11 1.3.1 Applications and Systems 11 1.3.2 End-User Terminals and Consoles 13 1.4 Standards, Policies, and Spectrum 15 1.4.1 Frequency Spectrum for Critical Communications 15 1.4.2 Standards Development in Critical Communications 16 1.5 Planning, Design, Deployment, and Operational Aspects 18 1.5.1 Planning 18 1.5.2 Technology Considerations for a Critical Communications System 19 1.5.3 Economic and Financial Considerations 20 1.5.4 Paving the Way 21 1.5.5 Design and Deployment 22 1.5.6 Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (a.k.a. Management) 24 1.6 Summary and Conclusions 25 References 27 2 USERS OF CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 33 2.1 Introduction 33 2.2 Organizations Involved in Public Safety 34 2.2.1 Police Departments 34 2.2.2 Fire Departments 35 2.2.3 Emergency Medical Services 36 2.2.4 Emergency Management Agencies 37 2.2.5 Coast Guard 37 2.2.6 Other Organizations in Public Safety 38 2.3 Other Sectors using Critical Communications Systems 39 2.3.1 Transportation 40 2.3.2 Utilities 40 2.3.3 Others 41 2.4 Summary and Conclusions 42 References 42 3 CHARACTERISTICS OF CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 45 3.1 Introduction 45 3.2 Features Common to Both Critical Communications Systems and Other Wireless Networks 47 3.3 Features Unique to Critical Communications Systems 50 3.4 Importance of Interoperability Features 52 3.5 Summary and Conclusions 53 References 54 4 INTRODUCTION TO TECHNOLOGIES AND STANDARDS FOR CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS 55 4.1 Introduction 55 4.2 Analog Systems-Historical Perspective 58 4.3 Narrowband Land and Private Mobile Radio Systems 59 4.4 Limitations of Narrowband PMR/LMR Systems 60 4.5 Broadband Technologies 60 4.6 Other Technologies 61 4.7 Summary and Conclusions 63 References 63 5 PROJECT 25 (P25) 65 5.1 Introduction 65 5.2 Architecture 68 5.3 Interfaces 71 5.3.1 Air Interfaces 72 5.3.2 Wireline Interfaces 73 5.3.3 Data Interfaces 74 5.3.4 Security Interfaces 75 5.4 Services 75 5.5 Operations 76 5.6 Security 77 5.7 RF Spectrum 77 5.8 Standardization 78 5.9 Deployment 80 5.10 Future 81 5.11 Summary and Conclusions 84 References 85 6 TERRESTRIAL TRUNKED RADIO (TETRA) 87 6.1 Introduction 87 6.2 Architecture 88 6.3 Interfaces 90 6.3.1 Air Interfaces 90 6.3.2 Intersystem Interface 92 6.3.3 Terminal Equipment Interface (TEI) 93 6.3.4 Line Station (Dispatcher) Interface 94 6.3.5 Network Management Interface 94 6.3.6 PSTN/ISDN/PDN 94 6.4 Services 95 6.4.1 Basic Voice Services 95 6.4.2 Supplementary Services 96 6.4.3 Data Services 97 6.5 Operations 97 6.6 Security 98 6.7 Spectrum 98 6.8 Standardization 99 6.9 Deployment 100 6.9.1 Cost Factors Impacting TETRA Wireless Systems 100 6.10 Future 104 6.11 Summary and Conclusions 105 References 105 7 DIGITAL MOBILE RADIO (DMR) 107 7.1 Introduction 107 7.2 Architecture 109 7.3 Interfaces 111 7.3.1 DMR Air Interface (AI) 112 7.3.2 Trunking Interface 113 7.3.3 Data Application Interface 113 7.4 Services 113 7.4.1 Voice Services 114 7.4.2 Data Services 115 7.5 Operations 116 7.6 Security 116 7.7 Spectrum 117 7.8 Standardization 117 7.9 Deployment 118 7.10 Future 119 7.11 Summary and Conclusions 119 References 120 8 LONG-TERM EVOLUTION (LTE) 121 8.1 Introduction 122 8.2 Architecture 125 8.2.1 E-UTRAN 125 8.2.2 Evolved Packet Core (EPC) 127 8.3 Interfaces 128 8.3.1 Air Interface 129 8.3.2 E-UTRAN Network Interfaces 129 8.3.3 EPC Interfaces 130 8.3.4 Interworking Interfaces 131 8.4 Services 132 8.5 Operations 133 8.6 Security 134 8.7 Spectrum 135 8.8 Standardization 136 8.9 Future 138 8.10 Deployment 138 8.11 Use of LTE as a Critical Communications Network 139 8.12 Summary and Conclusions 142 References 143 9 FUTURE TECHNOLOGIES FOR CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 145 9.1 Introduction 145 9.2 5G and Beyond 146 9.3 Augmented Reality (AR) 150 9.4 Internet of Things (IoT) 151 9.5 Big Data Analytics 152 9.6 Summary and Conclusions 153 References 154 10 SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS USED IN CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS 157 10.1 Introduction 157 10.2 Command and Control Centers 158 10.3 Emergency Response Systems 158 10.4 Incident Management System 160 10.5 Public Warning Systems 161 10.6 Others 162 10.7 Summary and Conclusions 163 References 163 11 END-USER DEVICES CONNECTED TO CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 165 11.1 Introduction 165 11.2 Mobile Radios 166 11.3 Portable Radios 167 11.4 Dispatch Consoles 170 11.5 Others 171 11.6 Summary and Conclusions 172 References 172 12 PLANNING FOR DEPLOYMENT AND OPERATIONS OF CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 175 12.1 Introduction 175 12.2 Developing Policies 176 12.2.1 National Broadband Policy 177 12.2.2 Governance Policy 177 12.2.3 Spectrum Management Policy 178 12.3 Developing a Business Case 180 12.3.1 Identifying Alternatives 181 12.3.2 Feasibility Studies 184 12.3.3 Interoperability Concerns 185 12.3.4 Comparison of Alternatives and the Recommendation 188 12.4 Developing Project Plans 190 12.5 Summary and Conclusions 192 References 193 13 ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR DEPLOYING CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 195 13.1 Introduction 195 13.2 Cost and Benefit of Deploying and Operating a Public Safety Network 196 13.2.1 Cost of Deploying and Operating a Public Safety Network 196 13.2.2 Benefits of Deploying and Operating a Public Safety Network 198 13.3 Financing Alternatives 199 13.3.1 Bond Financing 199 13.3.2 Lease Financing 200 13.3.3 Financing via Sharing the Network 200 13.4 Evaluation of Financing Alternatives 201 13.5 Summary and Conclusions 202 References 203 14 DESIGNING, IMPLEMENTATION, AND INTEGRATION 205 14.1 Introduction 205 14.2 Network Architecture and Design 205 14.2.1 Designing Narrowband Technologies Based Network 206 14.2.2 Designing a Broadband Technology Based Network 208 14.3 Implementation and Installation 213 14.4 System Integration, Verification, and Validation Testing 214 14.5 Summary and Conclusions 215 References 215 15 OPERATIONS, ADMINISTRATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS 217 15.1 Introduction 217 15.2 Developing Operations Plans 220 15.3 Operation Support Systems (OSSs), Tools, and Applications 221 15.3.1 Many Types of OSSs: Layered Organization 222 15.3.2 Interfaces among OSSs 223 15.3.3 OSSs Supporting Network Management Functions 223 15.3.4 Tools and Applications Supporting Operations 224 15.3.5 OSSs Supporting Network Technologies 225 15.4 Operations Support Centers, Policies, Guidelines, and Procedures 226 15.4.1 Centers, People, Administration 228 15.4.2 Configuration Management Related Procedures 230 15.4.3 Fault Management Related Procedures 232 15.4.4 Performance Management Related Procedures 233 15.4.5 Accounting Management Related Procedures 234 15.4.6 Security Management Related Procedures 235 15.5 Summary and Conclusions 236 References 237 16 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 239 16.1 Major Points and Observations 239 16.2 Challenges in Deploying Critical Communications Systems 241 A PROJECT 25 DOCUMENTS 243 B TETRA DOCUMENTS BY ETSI 249 C LTE CRITICAL COMMUNICATIONS RELATED DOCUMENTS 265 Index 273
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<p>Guide to public safety networks; text to public safety networks; understanding public safety networks; to public safety networks; resource to public safety networks; guide to critical communications systems; text on critical communications systems; understanding critical communications systems; resource to critical communications systems; users of public safety networks; characteristics of critical communications systems; technologies of critical communications systems; standards for critical communication systems; APCO 25; TETRA; DMR; LTE based critical communication systems; future of critical communication systems; support systems for critical communication; applications of critical communication systems; equipment for critical communication systems; economics of critical communication systems; management of critical communication systems</p>